classwork space organization
Space Organization

The classroom: the functional organization of space

The organization of space within the classroom is an important element in contributing to better management of the classroom and providing elements of facilitation to pupils with learning difficulties. In the event that pupils with behavioral problems are present, adequate management of the classroom space is essential to make it easier for the teacher to manage and limit the situations that trigger the occurrence of disturbing behaviors.

The elements to be taken into consideration for the organization of the classroom are different, starting from the arrangement of the desks with respect to the desk up to the posters hanging on the walls.

It is important that at the beginning of the school year the teachers reflect on how to organize the space inside the classroom and eventually divide the different areas so that each teacher has a dedicated space in which he can hang posters and store the material.

The elements that must be taken into consideration are:

  • the arrangement of the benches;
  • the position of the door and windows;
  • the visibility of the desks from the chair;
  • the billboards on the walls;
  • the location of the waste bin;
  • the presence of shelves, cabinets, materials;
  • the presence and position of the clock.

Desks should be positioned in such a way as to maximize the visibility of each pupil by the teacher and not make it too difficult for pupils to move from their desk . This is especially important in primary school when pupils are more likely to get up often from the desk or the teacher has to go to individual desks to check on the progress of individual work.

The most common arrangements are: checkerboard in single benches, in parallel rows, in pairs or in a horseshoe. In general, the best arrangements are the checkerboard arrangement in single banks or in pairs because they allow greater visibility for pupils and allow them to move around the classroom more easily, without disturbing the activity of classmates. It is good to remember that the desks can be moved if you work in a group or if you need a particular arrangement for carrying out different activities.

Inside the classroom there are elements necessary for carrying out daily activities, but which can be a source of distraction such as the waste bin, windows, doors, bookcase, etc. It is important to take these aspects into consideration when planning the layout of the classroom and, in particular, when allocating seats to individual pupils: pupils with attention problems should be placed in the front rows and as far away as possible from sources of distraction, so as not to offer them additional opportunities to be distracted.

The billboards they are certainly an element that embellishes the interior of the classroom, but one must be careful not to have an affection of overcrowding. Everything that hangs on the walls should be a facility for students, especially in primary school, but for this to happen there must be a certain order in the positioning of the different posters. Each subject should have its own space and the content of the posters should change as the teaching activity progresses. For example, in the first months of the first grade it can be helpful for children to have a poster with the alphabet and numbers as they are taught, but going forward it will be good to replace it with the new topics that are introduced.

The presence of the clock it can be a functional element to the didactic activity, but also constitute an element of distraction; to solve the problem, for example, you can hang the clock on the wall in front of the desk so that the pupils can only see it by turning and do not always have it in front of you.

It is good that the classroom space is as tidy as possible and the materials are kept inside cabinets or on shelves; this allows to limit the sources of distraction and allows a better control of the environment in case of oppositional behaviors.

It is important at the beginning of primary school, but also afterwards, to teach pupils to keep their materials and their desk in order, getting them used to keeping at hand only what is useful at that moment; this will help all pupils and especially those who have difficulty organizing the material and are easily distracted. Finally, it is good that the teacher undertakes to keep the chair in order in order to provide a positive model for the pupils.

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